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Information for customers

This section summarises a lot of the information elsewhere on the website and also forms our Terms and Conditions for Fleece Processing. By sending us fleece for processing you agree to accept these. 

Placing an order


Firstly, please contact us by phone or email to discuss your fleece and make a booking. Unfortunately, we usually have a waiting list of well over a year, with the shearing period of the following year frequently fully booked, so please plan ahead and make a booking as soon as you can.  

We have a minimum charge of £100 + VAT per individual batch, which equates to around 1.5 kg incoming weight for alpaca fleece to be spun into yarn, or 3 kg for fleece to be made into rovings or rug yarn.  Sheep fleece tends to lose a lot more weight in washing, so we’d need at least 2 kg for yarn and 4 kg for rovings.  We can, of course, process smaller quantities, but the minimum charge will apply to the batch, so for smaller fleeces, you might want to just hold onto them to process along with the next year’s fleece – they’ll be fine for a year (or even two) providing they’re completely dry, stored at a reasonably even temperature and kept safe from moths or mice.


We also ask for a deposit of £10.00 per kg for new customers to book a processing slot for 10 kg or more, and for all customers making a booking for 20 kg or more. This will be deducted from your invoice for fleece processing when your order is complete, but is non-refundable in the event of cancellation.

Bookings and processing date


Although we work very hard to try to keep to the target dates for processing that we have agreed with you, please note that this isn’t always possible (for example, if an important piece of machinery is unexpectedly out of action and we need to arrange repair). If there is a specific date that you need your yarn by, please let us know when you make your booking and we will do our very best to meet this date. Please also advise of any changes to bookings as soon as possible.

Preparing your fleece


Before processing, your fleece needs to be sorted – separating the long, soft ‘blanket’ and neck fleece from the shorter, coarser fibre from the belly and legs; and skirted – carefully picking through to remove any remaining coarser fibre and as much vegetable matter or other contamination as possible. We can only make beautiful yarn from good quality alpaca fibre – not from bags of thirds, or from hay, seeds, twigs, toenails, or alpaca poo!  Our processes can remove a certain amount of guard hair and vegetable matter but we can’t work miracles; so if your fleece is very contaminated, so will your yarn be.  (Or to put it more positively, the better skirted your fleece, the better quality your yarn will be and the higher the return rate.)

For tips on how to do this, please see the Preparing your Fleece section on our website or download our Five Simple Steps to prepare a fleece for processing.

If you have asked us to sort your fleece, or if you send us unsorted fleeces that include fibre unsuitable for processing, we will remove coarse or short fibre at a cost of £16 + VAT per kg of rejected fibre. However, this service does not include removing vegetable matter.

Fleeces with a lot of vegetable matter, will need to be skirted by hand to remove the worst of the contamination at a cost of £48 per hour.  But this won’t remove every last bit, so there will almost certainly be some bits of vegetable matter in the finished yarn.  And we may be unable to process a fleece which is excessively dirty or contaminated with vegetable matter, in which case we will return it to you at your cost or dispose of it. Unfortunately, this can often apply to cria fleeces, unless you are able to spend the time skirting it yourself.

Sending us your fleece


Please send your fleece to us a couple of weeks before your processing date – we’ll send you a reminder if necessary.


Put the fleece into a plastic bag inside a box or strong bag (stuff it in as much as you can – it won’t come to any harm for a short time) and send it via post, Parcelforce or other courier to: The Border Mill, Unit 3, Duns Industrial Estate, Station Road, Duns, Berwickshire TD11 3HS


Please include an order form for each batch of fleece to be processed separately (but there’s no need to include all the contact details on each one if you’ve got several batches).


Processing your fleece


We take great care with every fleece we process and do our very best to maximise the return rate without reducing the quality of your yarn. Return rates for alpaca fleece will vary from less than 50% (rarely, but it can happen) for very coarse fleeces (which we appreciate may be from much-loved older beasties) to over 85% (also rare, but we do our best to get there). Our pricing system is designed to take into account the weight lost in tumbling, washing and fibre separating. The average return rate for alpaca is about 75%, and most of the weight lost is dirt, debris, vegetable matter, short cuts and guard hair ( i.e. not the sort of things you want in your yarn) – very little of the weight lost is ‘good’ fleece. The average return rate for sheep wool is 60%.

We’re very proud of the yarn we make, and agonise over anything that doesn’t come out as well as we would like. But you need to be aware that the downside of having equipment small enough to process an individual fleece is that we don’t make ‘perfect’ yarn  – there may be some variation in thickness or colour, the occasional slub or knot, and some bits of vegetable matter (moss in particular is really difficult to remove, as it clings to the fibre). We do, however, make beautifully soft yarns with great character and impeccable provenance.

The average yarn weights that we specify are indicative only – every fleece is different and there will be variation in the yarn weight between batches (for instance, darker colours usually spin out heavier than white fleeces).  We’re getting pretty good at judging the right weight for different yarns and aim to be within 10% of the average, but we can’t guarantee to achieve a specific weight.

We occasionally find that a fleece is ‘tender’, meaning that there are weak points along the length of the fibres causing them to break easily. We try to identify these fleeces before we start processing, but it isn’t always possible to identify them in advance.  Sometimes these fleeces can still be spun, but there will be small slubs or ‘pills’ in the yarn.  Others can’t be spun at all:  if this happens, we will only charge you for processing up to the stage at which the problem became apparent.


Caring for alpaca yarn


Our yarn is supplied with a light mineral oil coating, which helps to reduce static during processing.  This is easily removed by washing the finished garment.  For best results, gently hand wash in warm water (about 30°C) using a wool detergent, and rinse in warm water. 

The key to preventing felting is to avoid any rapid changes in temperature, or too much movement of the garment in the water.  After washing, roll the garment inside a large towel and gently squeeze (don’t wring); or machine spin inside a pillow case and allow to dry flat.  Never tumble dry!

Invoicing and payment

On completion of your order, we’ll email your invoice for fleece processing, including delivery and VAT.  Your yarn or other products will be dispatched following payment of this invoice, which is due within 15 days.   Full details of how to pay will be included on the invoice:  payment by bank transfer is preferred.  We reserve the right to apply interest charges of 5% per calendar month to any invoices outstanding after 30 days. 


The prices charged will be as advertised on our website at the time that you made your booking, plus VAT at the rate applying at the time of invoicing.

GDPR and your privacy

As with any business that provides a service, we collect personal data from you in order to help us fulfill your requests. This is usually in the form of contact details and delivery addresses so we can discuss your needs (whether via email or over the phone) and send you your yarn (or fluff, rovings, or blankets!).

Since you're reading this online, this also includes information from our website that is automatically stored by cookies and other session tools, for example, your shopping cart information, and IP address. This information is only used to improve your customer experience.

We use Google Analytics to measure traffic on our website. If you’d like to opt out of tracking by Google Analytics, please visit the Google Analytics opt-out page

We will never abuse this data to contact you outwith the services we provide, or share it with third parties beyond those that we are legally obliged to do so.

Please find our full statement regarding our privacy policy and your rights here.

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