Preparing your fleece

We can only make beautiful yarn from good quality alpaca fibre – not from bags of thirds, or from hay, seeds, twigs, toenails, or alpaca poo!  Our processes can remove a certain amount of guard hair and vegetable matter but we can’t work miracles; so if your fleece is very contaminated, so will your yarn be.  Or putting it more positively, the better skirted your fleece, the better quality your yarn will be and the higher the return rate!

Ideally, your shearer will have helped you to separate the fleece at shearing time into firsts (the blanket fleece from the alpaca's back and sides), seconds (the neck fleece and possibly also good quality fleece from the tops of the legs) and thirds (belly and lower legs).  We can't do anything with the thirds, but here is what we recommend for the firsts and seconds:

Five really simple steps to prepare a fleece for processing

  1. Lay out the blanket out on a large table – preferably made of mesh so that any dirt, dust, and short cuts fall through. If you can put the two halves of the fleece together it will help you get a sense of the ‘geography’ of the fleece (where the neck, tail etc. would be), but it isn’t always easy to do this, so don't worry if you're not absolutely sure which bit is which!
     

  2. Remove as much vegetable matter as possible – pay particular attention to the ‘crow’s nest’ in the centre of the blanket between the shoulders, which often has a lot of contamination.  If this or any other parts of the fleece are very matted with vegetable matter, just take these parts out – it’s worth sacrificing a small amount of fleece to avoid contaminating the rest of the batch.  You don’t have to spend hours doing this, but make sure that the fleece is reasonably tidy and you’ve taken out any larger twigs, leaves, seeds, burs, bits of hay, toenails, and those pesky little ‘alpaca beans’. Unlike when skirting a fleece for show, it’s perfectly OK to use a pair of scissors to cut out any clumps of fleece or to snip off the ends of the staples where there’s a concentration of vegetable matter.
     

  3. Now look at the edges of the fleece – you’re looking for the ‘skirting line’ around the blanket where the nice long, soft, crimpy fleece starts to get shorter and coarser, or where there starts to be a lot of straight, stiff guard hairs. For some fleeces, this is really easy to see – browns and fawns in particular can often be ‘colour coded’ for you, as the point where the colour starts to fade is usually where the fleece quality reduces. First (cria) and second fleeces may have little or no guard hair, so concentrate instead on where the fleece gets shorter, or less fine and crimpy. The main thing is to trust your sense of what feels nice and what doesn’t.  If it feels soft, leave it in; if it doesn’t, chuck it out:  it really is that simple! 
     

  4. Turn the fleece over to look at the ‘cut’ side –  you may find some more stray bits of guard hair, but the main thing you’re looking for here are any ‘short cuts’ – little clumps of short fibres from the shearing process, which will cause slubs in your yarn, but are easy to pick out.  Again, remember that, unlike when you’re skirting a show fleece, you don’t have to keep the blanket in one piece, so you can take a bit at a time and put it into the bag, which saves the danger of going round in circles and continually coming back to the same piece.
     

  5. Have a look at the seconds bag – the fleece from the neck and upper legs is often very fine, but just a little shorter than the blanket.  For our semi-worsted process, this will be fine to include with the blanket providing it’s a minimum of 5 cm. 

And that’s it – congratulations!

© 2019 The Border Mill

Unit 3, Duns Industrial Estate, Station Road, Duns TD11 3HS

 01361 883692  -  hello@thebordermill.co.uk

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